European Parliament

European Parliament
   The European Parliament was first directly elected in 1979, with the number of Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from each country determined by its size. There are currently 785 members, the UK having 78. The whole Parliament meets in Strasbourg one week in every month, but much of the important work is done in one of the 20 all-party standing committees based in Brussels. MEPs belong to European party groups of which the two largest are the Party of European Socialists (PES) on the left and the European People’s Party (EPP) on the centre-right. The main powers of the EP are: to vote on the acceptance of new member states; to reject or amend Council decisions affecting the Single Market; to reject or amend the EU budget; to dismiss the entire Commission, on a two-thirds majority; and to accept or reject a new President of the Commission.
   Traditionally derided as a ‘talking shop’, the EP’s bid for a more meaningful role was recognised in the Single European Act and in subsequent treaties. But many commentators still feel that it should have a clearer identity and more meaningful functions. Some member states have tried to limit the effectiveness of the Parliament and prevent it from acquiring new powers, fearing that any strengthening of the chamber might endanger the sovereignty of national parliaments. However, MEPs have struggled to gain greater influence in the affairs of the EU and in the legislative area, though their powers have increased as a result of treaty changes and in particular co-decision.
   Further reading: N. Nugent, The Government and Politics of the European Union, Palgrave, 2003

Glossary of UK Government and Politics . 2013.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • European Parliament — the democratic assembly of the European Union. Each of the constituent European Communities had an assembly that provided some form of democratic presence. The Assembly, by its own authority, called itself the Parliament in 1962. The Single… …   Law dictionary

  • European Parliament — ˌEuropean ˈParliament noun the directly elected parliament of the European Union: • The European Parliament has still to establish itself as an effective channel between citizens and decision makers …   Financial and business terms

  • European Parliament — For the statutory organ of the Council of Europe, see Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. European Parliament name in other official languages; …   Wikipedia

  • European Parliament — a deliberative and legislative assembly of the European Community that advises member nations on policy matters. * * * Legislative assembly of the European Union (EU). Inaugurated in 1958 as the Common Assembly, the European Parliament originally …   Universalium

  • European Parliament — a deliberative and legislative assembly of the European Community that advises member nations on policy matters. * * * the ˌEuropean ˈParliament 7 [European Parliament] noun singular the group of people who are elected in the countries of the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • European People's Party (European Parliament group) — European People s Party European Parliament group EPP Group logo Name Group of the European People s Party English abbr. EPP (22 June 2009 to present) EPP ED[ …   Wikipedia

  • European Parliament election, 2014 — 2009 ← members June 2014 → 2019 …   Wikipedia

  • European Parliament constituency — European Union This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the European Union …   Wikipedia

  • European Parliament (Representation) Act 2003 — is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (2003 Chapter 7). The long title is An Act to make provision enabling alterations to be made to the total number of Members of the European Parliament to be elected for the United Kingdom and to… …   Wikipedia

  • European Parliament First Reading — European Parliament First Reading: Co decision procedure (now ordinary legislative procedure) European Union The European Parliament delivers an opinion at first reading. This opinion, prepared by a rapporteur discussed and amended within the… …   Law dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”